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江蘇高考英語試卷和答案分享來襲

輕輕家教南京升學2020-12-06 16:26:53

高考第二天!英語落下帷幕!網絡收集真題,

想知道自己的正確率,請后臺回復“2017英語”。


明天,高考最后一天!繼續加油

2017年普通高等學校招生全國統一考試(江蘇卷)

英 語


第一部分:

聽力略,反正也聽不懂


第二部分:英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分35分)

第一節:單項填空(共15小題;每小題1分,滿分15分)

21.Many Chinese brands, __________their reputations over centuries,are facing new challenges from the modern market.

A.having developed?????? B.being developed?????? C. developed???? D. developing

22. __________not for the support of the teachers,the student could not overcome her difficulty.

A.It? were?????? B.Were? it???? ??C. It was??? D. Was ?it

23.Located_________the Belt meets the Road,Jiangsu will contribute more to the Belt and Road construction.

A.why?????? B.when?????? C.which??? D.where

24.The publication of Great Expectations,which_________both widely reviewed and highly praised,strengthened Dickens,status as a leading novelist.

A.is?????? B.are?????? C.was???? D.were

25.Working with the medical team in Africa has_________the best in her as a doctor.

A.held out?????? B.brought out?????? C.picked out???? D.given out

26.We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20,half of_________it used to charge.

A.that?????? B.which?????? C.what???? D.how

27.He hurried home,never once looking back to see if he_________.

A.was being followed?????? B.was following?????? C.had been followed???? D. followed

28.In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme,one of_____purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.

A.which??????????? B.it’s???????? C.whose??????? D.whom

29.Only five years after Steve Jobs’ death ,smart –phones defeated _________PCs in sales.

A.controversial???????????? B.contractory????????? C.confidential???????? D.conventional?

30.A quick review of successes and failures at the end of year will help _________your year ahead.

A.shape??????????? B.switch ??????C.stretch ??????D.sharpen

31.He’s been informed that he _________for the scholarship because of his academic background.

A.hasn’t qualified?????????? B.hadn’t qualified ??????C.doesn’t qualify ??????D.wasn’t qualifying

32.Determining where we are _________our surroundings remains an essential skill for our survival.

A.in contrast to ???????????B.in defense of? ??????C.in face of? ??????D.in relation to

33.——What does the stuff on your T-shirt mean ?

——it’s nothing .Just something _________.

A.as clear as day? ???????????B.off the top of my head?? ??????

C.under my nose?? ??????????D.beyond my wildest dreams

34.The disappearance of dinosaurs is not necessarily caused by astronomical incidents .But _________explanations

are hard to find .

A.alternative? ???????????B.aggressive ????????C.ambiguous?? ??????D.apparent

35. ——Going to watch the Women’s Volleyball Match on Wednesday?

——!Will you go with me ?

A.You there ?????????????B. You bet? ????????C. You got me ?????????D. You know better


第二節:完形填空(共20小題;每小題1分,滿分20分)

請閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。

For a long time Gabriel didn’t want to be involved in music at all. In his first years of high school,Gabriel would look pityingly at music students,??? 36? across the campus with their heavy instrument cases.?? 37?? at school for practice hours?? 38? ?anyone else had to be there.He swore to himself to 39 music,as he hated getting to school extra early.

__40___,one day,in the music class that was __41_of his school’s standard curriculurn,he was playing idly (隨意地)on the piano and found it ____42___to pick out tunes.With a sinking feeling,he realized that he actually __43__doing it.Hetried ti hide his __44__pleasure from the music teather,who had __45__over to listen.Hemight not have this particularly well,__46__the teacher told Gabriel that he had a good___47__and suggested that Gabriel go into the musin store-room ti see if any of the instruments there __48__him.There he decided to give the cello(大提琴)a __49__.When he began practicing,he took it very __50__.But he quickly found that he loved playing this instrurnent,and was __51__to practicing it so that within a couple of months he was playing reasonably well.

? This __52__,of course,that he arrived at school early in the morning,__53__his heavy instrument case across the campus to the __54__looks of the non-musicians he had left__55__.

36.A.travelling???????? B.marching???????? C.pacing???????? D.struggling

37. A.rising up???????? B.coming up???????? C.driving up???? D.turning up

38. A.before?????????? B.after????????????? C.until???????? D.since

39. A.betray?????????? B.accept??????????? C.avoid???????? D.appreciate

40. A.Therefore??????? B.However????????? C.Thus???????? D.Moreover

41. A.part???????????? B.nature??????????? C.basis ?????????D.apirit

42. A.complicate?????? B.safe????????????? C.confusing????? D.easy

43. A.missed???????? B.disliked??????????? C.enioyed?????? D.denied

44. A.transparent????? B.obvious??????????? C.false???????? D.similar

45. A.run??????????? B.jogged??? ????????C.jumped??????? D.wandered

46. A.because??????? B.but??????????????? C.though?????? D.so

47. A.ear?????????? B.taste?????????????? C.heart??????? D.voice

48. A.occurred?????? B.took to?????????? C.appealed?????? D.held to

49. A.change??????? B.chance?????????? C.mission????? D.function

50. A.seriously???????????????????? B.proudly???????????????????? C.casually???????????????????? D.admitted

51. A.committed????????????????? B.used????????????????????????? C.limited????????????????????? D.admitted

52. A.proved??????????????????????? B.showed???????????????????? C.stressed?????????????????????????????????? D.meant

53. A.pushing????????????????????? B.dragging?????????????????? C.lifting????????????????????????????? D.rushing

54. A.admiring???????????????????? B.pitying????????????????????? C.annoying????????????????????????? D.teasing

55. A.over?????????????????????????? B.aside???????????????????????? C.behind???????????????????????????? D.out


第三部分:閱讀理解(共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)

請閱讀下列短文,從短文后各題所給的A、B、C、D四個選項中,選出最佳選項,并在答題卡上將該項涂黑。

57.How?does?the?writer?recommend?CHRONOLOGICA?to?readers?

A.By?giving?details?of?its?collection.
B.By?introducing?some?of?its?contents.?
C.By?telling?stories?at?the?beginning.?
D.By?comparing?it?with?other?books.


C

A new commodity brings about a highly profitable,fast-growing industry,urging antitrust(反壟斷)regulators to step in to check those who control its flow. A century ago ,the resource in question was oil. Now similar concerns ares being raised by the giants(巨頭)that deal in data, the oil of the digital age. The most valuable firms are Google,Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft. All look unstoppable.

Such situations have led to calls for the tech giants to be broken up. But size alone is not a crime,The giants' success has benefited consumers. Few want to live without search engines or a quick delivery, Far from charging consumers high prices, many of these services are free (users pay, in effect, by handing over yet more data). And the appearance of new-born giants suggests that newcomers can make waves, too.

????? But there is cause for concern. The internet has made data abundant, all-present and far more valuable, changing the nature of data and competition. Google initially used the data collected from users to target advertising better. But recently it has discovered that data can be turned into new services: translation and visual recognition, to be sold to other companies. Internet companies’ control of data gives them enormous power. So they have a “God’s eye view” of activities in their own markets and beyond.

This nature of data makes the antitrust measures of the past less useful. Breaking up firms like Google into five small ones would not stop remaking themselves: in time, one of them would become great again. A rethink is required—and as a new approach starts to become apparent, two ideas stand out.

The first is that antitrust authorities need to move form the industrial age into the 21st century. When considering a merger(兼并),for example, they have traditionally used size to determine when to step in. They now need to take into account the extent of firms'data assets(資產) when assessing the impact of deals. The purchase price could also be a signal that an established company is buying a new-borm threat. When this takes place, especially when a new-born company has no revenue to speak of, the regulators should raise red flags.

The?second?principle?is?to?loosen?the?control?that?providers?of?on-line?services?have?over?data?and?give?more?to?those?who?supply?them.Companies?could?be?forced?to?consumers?what?information?they?hold?and?how?many?money?they?make?form?it.Govemments?could?order?the?sharing?of?certain?kinds?of?data, with?users'?consent.

?Restarting?antitrust?for?the?information?age?will?not?be?easy?But?if?govemments?don't?wants?a?data?oconomy?by?a?few?giants, they?must?act?soon.?

61.Why is there a call to break up giants?

A. They have controlled the data market

B. They collect enormous private data

C. They no longer provide free services

D. They dismissed some new-born giants

62.What does the technological innovation in Paragraph 3 indicate?

A. Data giants’ technology is very expensive

B. Google’s idea is popular among data firms

C. Data can strengthen giants’ controlling position

D. Data can be turned into new services or products

63.By paying attention to firms’ data assets, antitrust regulators could??????? .

A. kill a new threat

B. avoid the size trap

C. favour bigger firms

D. charge higher prices

64.What is the purpose of loosening the giants’ control of data?

A. Big companies could relieve data security pressure.

B. Governments could relieve their financial pressure.

C. Consumers could better protect their privacy.

D. Small companies could get more opportunities.

D

Old Problem,New Approaches

?????? While clean energy is increasingly used in our daily life,global warning will continue for some decades after CO2 emissions(排放)peak. So even if emission were to begin decrease today,we would still face the challenge of adapting to climate. Here I will stress some smarter and more creative examples of climate adaptation.

?????? When it comes to adaptation,it is important to understand that climate change is a process. We are therefore not talking about adapting to a new standard,but to a constantly shifting set of conditions. This is why in part at least,the US National Climate Assessment says that:”there is no ‘one-size fit all’ adaptation.” Nevertheless,there are some actions that offer much and carry little risk or cost.

????? Around the world people are adapting in surprising ways,especially in some poor countries,Floods have some more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mohammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that server as floating libraries,scbools,and health clinics,and are equipment with solar panels and other communication facilities. Rezwan is creating floating connecticity(連體) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level:his staff people how to make floating gardens fish ponds prevent atarcation during the wet season.

Around the world, people are adapting in surprising ways, especially in some poor countries, Fllods have become more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mobammed Rezwan saw opportunily where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that serve as floating libraries, schoods, and health clinics, and are equipped with solar panels and other communicating facilities. Rezwan is creating floating conmetivity(連接) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level: his staff show people how to make floating gardens and fish ponds to prevent starvation during the wet season.

Elsewhere in Asia even more astonishing actions are being taken. Chewang. Nophel lives in a mountaionous region in India, where he is known as the Ice Man. The loss of glaciers(冰川) there due to global warming represents an enormous threat to agriculture. Without the glaciers, water will arrive in the rivers at times when it can damage crops. Norphel’s inspiration come from seeing the waste of water over winter, when it was not needed. He directed the wasted water into shallow basins where it froze, and was stored until the spring. His fields of ice supply perfectly timed irrigation(灌溉) water. Having created nine such ice reserves. Nophel calculates that he has stored about 200, 000m3? of water. Climate change is a continuing process, so Norhel’s ice reserves will not last forever. Warming will overtake them. But he is providing a few years during which the farmers will, perhaps, be able to find other means of adapting.

Increasing Earth’s reflectiveness can cool the planet. In southern Spain the sudden increase of greenhouses (which reflect light back to space) has changed the warming trend locally, and actually cooled the region. While Spain as a whole is heating up quickly, temperatures near the greenhouses have decreased. This example should act as an inspiration for all cities. By painting buildings white, cities may slow down the warming process.

In Peni, local farmers around a mountain with a glacier that has already fallen victim to climate change have begun painting the entire mountain peak white in the hope that the added reflectiveness will restore the life-giving ice. The outcome is still far from clear, But the World Bank has included the project on its of ‘100 ideas to save the planet”.

More ordinary forms of adaptation are happening everywhere. A friend of mine owns an area of land in western Victoria. Over five generations the land has been too wet for cropping. But during the past decade declining rainfall has allows him to plant highly profitable crops. Farmers in many countries are also adapting like this—either by growing new produce, or by growing the same things differently. This is common sense, But some suggestions for adapting are not. When the polluting industries argue that we’ve lost the battle to control carbon pollution and have no choice but to adapt, it’s a nonsense designed to make the case for business as usual.

Human beings will continue to adapt to the changing climate in both ordinary and astonishing ways. But the most sensible form of adaptation is surely to adapt our energy systems to emit less carbon pollution. After all, if we adapt in the way, we may avoid the need to change in so many others.

65. The underlined part in Paragraph 2 implies ???????.

A. adaptation is an ever-changing process

B. the cost of adaptation varies with time

C. global warming affects adaptation forms

D. adaptation to climate change is challenging

66. What is special with regard to Rezwan’s project?

A. The project receives government support.

B. Different organizations work with each other.

C. His organization makes the best of a bad situation.

D. The project connects flooded roads and highways.

67. What did the Ice Man do to reduce the effect of global warming?

A. Storing ice for future use.

B. Protecting the glaciers from melting.

C. Changing the irrigation time.

D. Postponing the melting of the glaciers.

68. What do we learn from the Peru example?

A. White paint is usually safe for buildings.

B. The global warming tread cannot be stopped.

C. This country is heating up too quickly.

D. Sunlight reflection may relieve global warming.

69. According to the author, polluting industries should ??????.

A. adapt to carbon pollution

B. plant highly profitable crops

C. leave carbon emission alone

D. fight against carbon pollution

70. What’s the author’s preferred solution to global warming?

A. setting up a new standard.

B. Readucing carbon emission.

C. Adapting to climate change.

D. Monitoring polluting industries.


第四部分:任務型閱讀(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)

請閱讀下面短文,并根據所讀內容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一個最恰當的單詞。

注意:請將答案寫在答題卡上相應題號的橫線上。每個空格只填一個單詞。


Population Change

Why is the world’s population growing?The answer is not what you might think.The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits,but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies.In 1900,people died at the average age of 30.By 2000 the average age was 65.But while increasing health was a tupical feature of the 20th century,declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.

Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 owadays.Furthermore,around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level(i.e.2.1 births per woman)and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-repalanement birth rate.You might think that developing nations would make up the loss(especially since80% of the world’s people now live in such nations),but you’d be wrong,Declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too,which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.

A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China,for instance.What does it imply?First,China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country.Sencond,if other factors such as technology remain constant,economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.

Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise.Since 1992 the number of people dying has been biggen than that of those being born by a massive 50%,Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.Why is this occurring?Nobody is quite sure,but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it.If current trends don’t bend.Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.

In the north of india,the population is booming due to high birth rates,but in the south,where most econmoic development is taking place,birth rate is falling rapidly.In a further twist,birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural arceas an lowest in highly educated urban areas.In total,25% of India’s working-age population has no education.In 2030,a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be totally uneducated.

One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration.As for the USA,it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030,Moreover,the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants.As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.

第五部分:書面表達(滿分25分)

【寫作內容】

1.用約30個單詞概述柱狀圖信息的主要內容;

2.我國電影票房收入變化的原因有哪些,簡要談談你的看法(上述對話僅供參考,原因不少于兩點);

3.談談你對我國電影票房收入走向的看法,并簡要說明理由。

【寫作要求】

1.寫作過程中不能直接引用原文語句;

2.作文中不能出現真實姓名和學校名稱;

3.不必寫標題。

【評分標準】

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